Its name is derived from the Queshwa word “ari-que pay”, meaning, “Yes, stay here” Arequipa is located at the division point between the central Andy region and the central-south Andy region, incorporating the valleys, which are located south of the Sihuas River. The division was more pronounced during the reign of the Wari Empire, which occupied the northern valleys up to the Sihuas River.
The cultural height coincides with the reign of the Churajon , which extensively occupied the Arequipa valleys, with densely inhabited villages and big agricultural projects that comprised irrigation projects, terraces and completely dominated valleys. In Arequipa there are important areas like Casapatac, Sabandia or Churajon, which are densely populated. En los valles del norte se desarrolló,en la misma época que Churajón, la Cultura Chuquibamba, con extensiones en las provincias sureñas de Ayacucho y con contactos con el Cusco.
The settlements of this culture, generally identified with the Collaguas, are especially notable in the Colca Valley. . Through Arequipa, the Incas descended to the Yunga region in search of new conquests. On the slopes of the Misti Volcano, the Spanish conquistadors led by Manuel de Carbajal founded the city of Arequipa.
In the Republican era, memorable revolutions took place here, such as those of Ramón Castilla, Mariano Prado, Nicolás de Piérola, Sánchez Cerro and others by those who have been called “caudillos colectivos” (collective leaders). Arequipa has become the center of the economic complex of southern Peru and is one of the most important milk producing departments of the country.
Its contrasting background is the beautiful and imposing Misti Volcano. Besides, we can find beautiful beaches like Mejia, Mollendo and Camana, and thermo-medicinal baths like Yura, Socosani and Jesus.
The Colca Canyon, which is located in the Province of Caylloma, is more than 100 km long and its deepest end starts a few kilometers after Chivay, its deepest point being 3,400mts. It is considered the deepest in the world. The area surrounding the Colca is considered to be very appropriate for practicing adventure tourism.(canoeing, rowing and hiking)
. The Aguada Blanca Reserve is one of the most important reserves for the reproduction of vicuña, a type of small llama-like animal that produces the finest wool for materials of the highest quality.